At the beginning of the 21st century, the WWF was active in more than 100 countries and had more than five million supporters. But people have changed too. They’re more ambitious, more innovative. Omissions? Photograph: Evaristo Sa/AFP/Getty Images W orld Wide Fund … WWF celebrates its 25th anniversary in 1986 with a convocation of leaders from different faith traditions in Assisi, Italy. The book gives a vivid account of the discovery that some man-made chemicals disrupt the endocrine system in wildlife and humans. WWF grants $38,000 to the Smithsonian Institution to study the tiger population of the Chitwan Sanctuary in Nepal, allowing scientists to successfully use radio tracking devices for the first time in 1973. WWF purchases 37,000 acres adjacent to Kenya's Lake Nakuru. In 1960 a group of British naturalists—most notably biologist Sir Julian Huxley, artist and conservationist Peter Scott, and ornithologists Guy Mountfort and Max Nicholson—led an effort to establish an organization that protected endangered species and their habitats. In September, over a million people sign a WWF petition to stop the slaughter of elephants. Inspired by a series of articles in a UK newspaper written by Sir Julian Huxley about the destruction of habitat and wildlife in East Africa, businessman Victor Stolan pointed out the urgent need for an international organization to raise funds for conservation. WWF negotiates a debt-for-nature swap in Madagascar worth $3.2 million in 1996. Another project in 1961 helps Colombian conservationists establish a small nature reserve. Governments of Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei commit to the Heart of Borneo declaration to conserve and sustainably manage the forests. Solving the critical environmental problems of global warming, water scarcity, pollution, and biodiversity loss are perhaps the greatest challenges of the 21st century. The Brazilian government creates Tumucumaque National Park in the Brazilian Amazon in 2002, and WWF commits $1 million for its management. In 2000, the World Wide Fund for Nature sued World Wrestling Federation Entertainment Inc. in the United Kingdom, alleging various violations of the 1994 agreement. Ira N. Gabrielson and Russell E. Train were the first president and vice president, respectively, of WWF-U.S. A WWF grant helps establish the Charles Darwin Foundation Research Station in the Galapagos Islands. Funding is provided by the Dutch government. WWF, in full World Wide Fund for Nature, international organization committed to conservation of the environment. Help our work to protect some of the world's most vulnerable animals by adopting an animal with WWF from just £3 a month today. In North America it is called the World Wildlife Fund. WWF and Apple announce groundbreaking project to boost responsible forestry management and increase FSC-certified forestlands within China. Founders of nature laws awarded as WWF leaders. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In a New York Times editorial in 1984, WWF vice president Dr. Thomas E. Lovejoy sets forth the concept of using Third World debt reduction to protect the environment. In partnership with the Frankfurt Ecological Society, WWF in 1987 undertakes a comprehensive ecological study of Serengeti National Park, providing essential information about wildlife population dynamics and habitat. READ MORE The group recommends that the U.S. end the import of most wild-caught birds for sale as pets. WWF was founded on 29 April 1961 when a small group of impassioned people came together and issued the Morges Manifesto, an international declaration of deep concern for the “thoughtless and needless destruction” of wild places and the species that inhabited them. Food. The only child of Antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott, he took an interest in observing and shooting wildfowl at a young age and later took to their breeding. WWF's innovative Lumparda Elephant Project in 1988 leads to a sharp decline in poaching of elephants and black rhinos in Zambia, by establishing an adjacent buffer zone for economic activities and employing local people as scouts to protect wildlife. He founded the Severn Wildfowl Trust (1946; renamed the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust) and helped establish the World Wildlife Fund (1961; renamed the World Wide Fund for Nature).
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