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Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, UN Convention Right of Person with Disability(UNCRPD), Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, Sexual Harassment Women at Workplace Act,2013, Comparison between powers of Lt Governor of Delhi and Puducherry, Five years of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. Hence, the other Ministers cannot function when the Prime Minister dies or resigns. Council of Ministers is the body that advises the President on various matters and is formed to assist the Prime Minister in running Government. However, the President may require the Council of Ministers to reconsider such advice and the President shall act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconside-ration(44th amendment). It mentions a minister who is not a member of the Parliament (either house) for any period of six consecutive months shall cease to be a minister. BOYKO BORISSOV. Appointment of Prime Minister - definition Indian Constitution: Functions and responsibilities of the Union. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has various other roles. However, the Constitution (91st Amendment Act, 2003) put a ceiling on the size of the Council of Ministers to 15% of the strength of the Lok Sabha or the State Legislatures. Its size is determined by the prime minister according to the exigencies of the time and requirements of the situation. Boyko Borissov was elected for Prime Minster of the Republic of Bulgaria on 4 May 2017 by the 44th National Assembly. Though current retail details about who holds what portfolio does not make any sense for UPSC preparation but static portions related to the topic become important. The Prime Minister can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. The Council of Ministers has a big role to play in the making of the law of the state. PM is the chairman of t NITI Aayog, Governing council of NITI Aayog, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council. Answer:President appoints the Prime Minister. Thus, it has collective functions. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. The President of India exercises his authority on the advice of the Council of Ministers. However, if a non-member is appointed, he must become a Member of Parliament within six months. This quick video explains the office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. Council of Ministers. Losing confidence of the Prime Minister leads to dismissal by the President. The Prime Minister represents the Nation. As in England, the Prime Minister is the "keystone of the Cabinet arch". Such decisions are communicated to the other ministers and they have to follow these decisions even though they might not have seen a party to such decisions. It implements the decisions taken by the cabinet. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time. The Council of Ministers was appointed recently and the allotment of portfolio. Prime minister KP Sharma Oli addresses the meeting of the Council of Ministers at his official residence in Baluwatar, Kathmandu, on Friday, December 25, 2020. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has. Answer:Prime Minister is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’. He advises the president with regard to the appointment of important officials like Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners, chairman and members of the finance commission and so on. It supervises the implementation of its decisions by the council of ministers. The constitutional position of the Chief Minister is more or less similar to that of the Prime Minister. (1) The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister guides, directs, controls, and coordinates the activities of all the ministers. Formation of Council of Ministers: The constitution provides that there shall be a Prime Minister, who will be nominated by the President who will in turn appoint other Ministers, who will form the Council of Ministers. … Question 3: Who is the Head of the Union Council of Ministers? Further, constitutionally the Prime Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of parliament. According to the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution, the President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the Council of Ministers expressed through the Prime Minister. Usually Cabinet meets, as a body, frequently and usually once in a week to deliberate and take decisions regarding the transaction of government business. They hold important portfolios and decide major policies of the Government. The Prime Minster is the Chief Coordinator between various ministries on policy issues. Important Constitutional provisions with respect to Council of Ministers: Cabinet and council of Minister: differences, 352 only defines the cabinet saying that it is ‘the council consisting of the prime minister and other ministers of cabinet rank appointed under Article 75’ and does not describe its powers and functions. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Constitution of India provides for a Council of Ministers, with the Prime Minister as its head. Chapter - 3 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers... Chapter - 3 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers... Share This: Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Linkedin Whatsapp. It is a part of the series Constitution for Dummies. He can re-shuffle his Council of Ministers whenever he needs to do so. (ii) The Prime Minister must furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation to the president. types of ministers. The Prime Minister’s Youth Council is a group of young Canadians who provide non-partisan advice to the Prime Minister and the Government of Canada on issues of importance to them and to all Canadians. The President appoints these ministers on the basis of the advice of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister with the backing of the majority party or groups in the Parliament is the real executive head of the nation (i.e., de-facto head). The Cabinet is responsible for the expenditure of the government, for presenting the demand for grants and also for raising necessary income by various means. The Prime Minister hosted the Council for Science and Technology at Downing Street this afternoon. He decides the kind of relation India would have with other countries. They are: The Indian constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government based on British pattern and the council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority in Indian’s politico-administrative system. We bring the articles in UPSC way for the civil services aspirants and the Wisest Way for general readers. Though it has the power to make decisions but CoM is bound by the decisions made by Cabinet. They maintain order and peace in the state. CoM does not meet, as a body, to transact government business. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of … The Prime Minister’s Youth Council is one mechanism to support this dialogue. As per the ruling of Delhi high Court regarding majority that the Constitution does not require a person must prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before he is appointed as the Prime Minister. Article 75(1) states that, “The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and other ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister”. It mentions that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. The President may first appoint him the Prime Minister and then ask him to prove his majority in Lok Sabha within a reasonable period. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. The duties of the Prime Minister as defined in this Article are (i) The Prime Minister communicates all the decisions of Council of Ministers to the President. Save. of the total number of members of the House of the People. ICSE Class 10 Notes : The Prime Minister and The Council of Ministers, CBSE Class 10 Maths Questions and Answers, CBSE Class 10 Science Questions and Answers. However, this does not imply that the president is free to appoint anyone as the Prime Minister. 91st Amendment Act provided f… As per the article, the salaries and allowances of ministers shall be determined by the Parliament. In such a situation, the President usually appoints the leader of the largest party or coalition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister and asks him/her to seek a vote of confidence in the House within a month. Lesson 8 of 10 • 556 upvotes • 7:30 mins. In the rush of reaching first to the readers, the websites miss the balanced opinion, which is the need of the hour. All the big and important appointments are made on the advice of the Council of Ministers. Morning Star Total History & Civics 10----- … They together determine the policy and programme of the Government. It is Prime Minister who decides the size of CoM. Our vision is to orient the readers to grasp the facts objectively and analyse critically. The salaries and allowances of Ministers are determined by Parliament from time to time. It is collectively responsible to the Lower House of the Parliament. central switchboard: (+359 2) 940 29 99. The Council of Ministers executes the decision taken by the Cabinet. If the Lok Sabha passes a vote of No-confidence against the Council of Ministers, they have to resign collectively. And thee CoM is led by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. He is the pivot around which the entire governmental machinery revolves. The main powers of the Cabinet are as follows: The Cabinet formulates both external and domestic policies of the government on important matters such as defence, economic policy, security needs and important reforms, etc. The term of office of the Prime Minister is 5 years. He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the President. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies. The President may call for information regarding the affairs of the Union and the Prime Minister has to furnish such information. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. In this capacity, he enjoys the following powers: Other Powers & Functions of Prime Minister. Answer:Prime Minister. Two articles – Article 74 and Article 75 of the Indian Constitution deal with the Council of Ministers. Mr. Ishwar Pokharel. However, after 44th Amendment Act such proclamation can only be made after the written recommendation of the Cabinet to the President. These are called Official Bills. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminister System of Government in Traditional Constitution Theory. It was incorporated by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act in Article 352 of the Constitution in 1978. Its classification into a three-tier body is based on the conventions of parliamentary government as, It enforces the collective responsibility of the council of ministers to the Lower House of. Cabinet exercises, in practice, the powers of the council of ministers and thus, acts for the latter. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. council of ministers. All major appointments are decided by the Cabinet and appointed by the President. The Cabinet is composed of a small, but important body of senior leaders of the party. The power and functions of the Council of Ministers is stipulated in Article 77 of the Constitution. This means that, ministers fall and stand together. It is binding in nature for the President and to allocate them portfolios. formation. Though, Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party, he has to ensure the support of his party as well as the ministers. Though he has no right to vote in the House of which is not a member. It includes the cabinet ministers only. cabinet ministers. Each minister gets a sumptuary allowance at a varying scale, according to his rank and free accommodation. Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister chooses the ministers and on his advice the President appoints them. The council of ministers and their function. According to the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers has also approved the draft Media Proclamation which governs print and broadcast media, also introducing a legal framework for online media. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. He advises the President with regard to summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation; To furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation as the President may call for; and. It mentions that The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the. The Cabinet coordinates the working of various departments for the smooth implementation of government policies. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. In fact, the Cabinet is the pivot round which the whole administration revolves. The Constitution originally does not specify for the number of the Council of Ministers. Thus, the advice of the Council of Ministers to the President is a legal binding on him. CoM work as a team they sink and swim together. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House in the Parliament and the Chief Sopkesperson of the Government in the Parliament. Investing in science and talent is a key priority for the Prime Minister. He tries to protect the interest of the country in international forums. The President can appoint only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Prime Minister. Ministers of State are the second category of ministers. The Parliament exercises control over the Prime Minister through question-hour, calling attention motion, No-Confidence motion and other discussions. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. Listening to young people about issues that matter to them is an important commitment of the government. Chief Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of his State. (The number cannot exceed 15%) 3. It includes all the three types of ministers, that is, cabinet ministers, ministers of state, and deputy ministers. The Prime Minister recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president. Article 74(1) of our Constitution expressly States that the Prime Minister shall be "at the head" of the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers. They are junior ministers and are placed under senior ministers whom they have to assist. In all its decisions, the Council of Ministers which comprises the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, Ministers and other members as may be determined by law, are responsible to the House of People’s Representatives. Is summoned by the President and the envisaged in the making of the of. Also serves as a link between the President shall administer the oath of office and secrecy the... Rank and free accommodation assist the Prime Minister the rush of reaching first the. 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