6.73% of residents are not US citizens. , In an attempt to decrease vehicle dependency and road congestion, the city built a metro system dubbed "Tren Urbano" ("Urban Train"). Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. Fertility in Puerto Rico. The Dutch were counterattacked by Captain Juan de Amézqueta and 50 members of the civilian militia on land and by the cannons of the Spanish troops in El Morro Castle. East of Old San Juan lies the wealthy tourist-oriented neighborhood of Condado, which occupies land that used to be owned by entrepreneur Pablo Ubarri Capetillo, a Spanish railroad developer and Count of San José de Santurce under the Spanish colonial period. , Near Condado are two separate business districts, Santurce and Miramar. This was significant for tourism, which had rebounded by October of that year and was close to the pre-Maria era.. San Juan, Puerto Rico. The land battle left 60 Dutch soldiers dead and Enrico with a sword wound to his neck which he received from the hands of Amézqueta. The small island, which comprises an area of 47 square miles (120 km2), also hosts the working-class neighborhood of Puerta de Tierra and most of Puerto Rico's central government buildings, including the Commonwealth's Capitol. In recent years, an increasing number of Americans not of Hispanic ancestry (both of African American and of White American descent) have moved to San Juan. ; The CSA population according to 2019 US Census Bureau population estimates. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The other 0.7% were born in a different U.S. territory or born abroad to American parents. The median age in San Juan is 42.4 years, 40.1 years for males, and 44.5 years for females. The current population of San Juan, Puerto Rico is, The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%. , The Metropolitan Bus Authority (Autoridad Metropolitana de Autobuses or AMA in Spanish) provides daily bus transportation to residents of San Juan, Guaynabo, Bayamón, Toa Baja, Trujillo Alto, Cataño and Carolina through 30 fixed routes. San Juan's main water bodies are San Juan Bay and two natural lagoons, the Condado and San José. In terms of ancestry, 23,875 people claimed American ancestry, which is equivalent to 5.8% of San Juan's population. The tourism focus of the city is located in the district of Condado Beach where there are luxurious hotels. Sections of the old city are surrounded by massive walls and several defensive structures and notable forts. According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, 87.5% of San Juan's population was native and 12.5% were foreign-born. San Juan has an elaborate system of triage, hospital, and preventive care health services. The architecture of San Juan is very diverse, due to its size and all the cultural influences received during its existence. Of these, nine are Diagnostic and Treatment Centers located in communities throughout San Juan. The race least likely to be in poverty in San Juan is White, with 28.82% below the poverty level. Santurce, originally named San Mateo de Cangrejos (Saint Matthew of the Crabs), was a settlement for freed African slaves during the early days of the city. , Much of San Juan was flooded with Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017, which also triggered numerous landslides. His army laid siege to the city but was forced to withdraw in defeat as the Puerto Rican defenses proved more resilient than those of Trinidad. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $468 per month, and the median house value is $155,400. San Jorge Children's Hospital: The most well known children's hospital in the San Juan Metropolitan Area. In addition, a large number of Stateside Puerto Ricans have settled in the city upon their return to Puerto Rico. San Juan's Municipal Legislature is made up of 17 municipal legislators, elected at-large, which represent the city's population. In 2018, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.2M people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $20,296. 62; July - December 1936, "El Mundo"; "Fallece El Aguila - Fue Primer Boricua Manejo Avion en la Isla" (Spanish); by: Malen Rojas Daporte; October 20, 1954; Number 13,448. Places and monuments emphasized in tourism campaigns include: Old San Juan, promoting the historic nature of its colonial buildings and narrow streets covered by adoquine, a blue stone cast from furnace slag; they were brought over as ballast on Spanish ships. It was named after the Province of Cáceres in Spain, the birthplace of Nicolás de Ovando, then the Governor of Spain's Caribbean territories. The 18 barrios are: During the Spanish colonial times most of the urban population resided in what is now known as Old San Juan. Data released Thursday shows the U.S. territory’s population dropped by 129,848 people between July 2017 and July 2018. The total number of households is 139,277 with 2 people per household on average.The median age of the current population is 42 with 93,816 people being married and 195,426 being single. The architecture is more varied in other districts of the city. In 1625 the city was sacked by Dutch forces led by Captain Balduino Enrico (also known as Boudewijn Hendricksz/Bowdoin Henrick), but El Morro withstood the assault and was not taken. The island group consists of 143 islands. A year later, the settlement was moved to a site then called Puerto Rico, Spanish for "rich port" or "good port", after its similar geographical features to the town of Puerto Rico of Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands.  This includes the city's ancient defensive wall and forts, most notably El Morro and the Castillo San Cristóbal. The damage caused in 2017 by Hurricane Maria was extensive.  Several private schools are located in San Juan, including Robinson and St. John's schools in the Condado, Perpetuo Socorro in Miramar, St. John's Episcopal, Santa Mónica and Academia San Jorge in Santurce, Commonwealth High School, La Merced and Espíritu Santo in Hato Rey, Escuela Josefita Monserrate de Selles, San Antonio, Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola, San José in Río Piedras and Cupeyville, St. Mary's, Boneville and Cupey Maria Montesory School in Cupey. 1950 451,000. There are very small numbers of people of Filipino, Japanese, and Vietnamese ancestry; none of these groups number more than 100 members..  In 2012, José Nadal Power and Ramón Luis Nieves were elected as District Senators. , In late November 2019, reports indicated that 90 calls to San Juan by Royal Caribbean ships would be cancelled during 2020 and 2021. The Santurce Crabbers won the National Superior Basketball League championship in 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2003 during this period being recognized as a dynasty. San Juan is a city located in Puerto Rico.   By October 2019, nearly all of the popular amenities for tourists, in the major destinations such as San Juan, Ponce and Arecibo, were in operation on the island and tourism was rebounding.  The Cathedral of San Juan Bautista (construction began in the 1520s) is also located in Old San Juan, and contains the tomb of the Spanish explorer and settlement founder Juan Ponce de León. The population development in San Juan as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). It is operated jointly by the Puerto Rico Department of Corrections and the Medical Services Administration. It used to be the city's and also the island of Puerto Rico's main international gateway until the opening of Luis Muñoz Marin International Airport. The municipal government sponsors regular health fairs in different areas of the city focusing on health care for the elderly and the disabled. Puerto Rico (Spanish for 'Rich Port'; abbreviated PR, Taino: Boriken, Borinquen), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit. As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. The plans for redevelopment also hope to make the city more appealing in order to attract new residents, as San Juan has suffered from a shrinking population over the past 60 years..  Today, it is part of the Pueblo Viejo sector of Guaynabo, just to the west of the present San Juan metropolitan area. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. The average household income in San Juan is $42,216 with a poverty rate of 41.95%. The only other sizable Asian group in San Juan are Indian Americans; there are 698 people of Indian descent in the city, forming 0.2% of the population. It is often referred to as "The Gateway to the Caribbean" because it serves as the main connection to the island and the rest of the Caribbean for the United States and vice versa. , San Juan is home to many of Puerto Rico's institutions of higher learning. There are many other ancestry groups in San Juan, but they are very scant. In San Juan there are tourist attractions, including: Old San Juan, Ocean Park, Isla Verde and Condado. As well, 30 ship departures from San Juan were being canceled. [unreliable source?] The city is also the home of contemporary and classic art museums. , The Puerto Rico Museum of Contemporary Art, located in Santurce, specializes in contemporary artwork from Latin America and the Caribbean. Among the uprising's main objective was to attack "La Fortaleza" (the Governors mansion) and the United States Federal Court House Building in Old San Juan. , In 2010 there were 201 homicides in San Juan, a rate of around 50 per 100,000 residents. San Juan. Hospital del Maestro (Teachers Hospital): Located in Hato Rey, this hospital is operated by the Puerto Rico Teachers Association. San Juan has a 2020 population of 331,165. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. "US Naval Institute Proceedings"; "A Breach of Neutrality"; by: Lt. Isaiah Olch, US Navy; Vol. The capital of the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico is also the island's primary metropolitan area and home to a number of its main tourist attractions. 1799", "DON JUAN DE HARO Y LOS HOLANDESES" (24 de Septiembre de 1625), The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation / Middeldyk, R.A. Van Identifier: etext12272 The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation, "1898 - Adjuntas en la Guerra Hispanoamericana", "Erwin Letter from US Marine Alden Morse, at the USS New York, relating the bombing of San Juan del 12 Mayo 1898", "Chronology of Puerto Rico in the Spanish–American War", "History of the 65th Infantry 1898 to 1946 page 1", "CALLS ODENWALD AFFAIR AN ATTACK; Fired On Without Warning Shot, Germany Asserts, Contradicting San Juan Commander. On May 8, 1898, United States Navy ships, among them USS Detroit, USS Indiana, USS New York, USS Amphitrite, USS Terror and USS Montgomery, commanded by Rear Admiral William T. Sampson arrived at San Juan Bay. The largest hospital in San Juan and most important of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean is the Rio Piedras Medical Center, or Centro Medico de Rio Piedras in Spanish. 1700-ca. Those citizens eligible to vote directly elect a mayor and the municipal assembly for four-year terms. The Puerto Rico Arts Museum owns the largest collection of contemporary art in Puerto Rico, housing over 1,100 permanent art pieces and displaying temporary exhibitions containing artwork from various locations through Latin America. The 10.7-mile (17.2 km) line connects to 16 stations. During the 20th century, the main population centers surged well beyond the walls of the old city and onto Puerto Rico's main island, and merged with the existing settlements east and south of Old San Juan. Psychiatric Hospital: The main psychiatric hospital in Puerto Rico.  The restaurants and art galleries in the zone are visited by tourists. This sector is located on the western half of a small island called the Isleta de San Juan, which is connected to the mainland by two bridges and a causeway. The area's secondary airport is the Fernando Ribas Dominicci Airport, which is located directly across the San Antonio Creek or Cano San Antonio from Old San Juan in the Isla Grande district. Other sizable ancestry groups included those of Italian descent, French descent, and West Indian descent. Rivero-Méndez was ordered to turn over the keys of all the military installations in San Juan to Captain Henry A. Reed of the U.S. Army after the Treaty of Paris of 1898 was signed. It is made up of eight other hospitals. Finally, those of West Indian descent numbered at 1,393, forming 0.3% of San Juan's population. For every 100 females there are 83.9 males. Most of the specialized schools operated by the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are located in San Juan. What is now known as Old San Juan occupied the western end of a rocky islet, the Isleta de San Juan, at the mouth of San Juan Bay. This step would mean 360,000 fewer visitors, with a loss to the island's economy of $44 million. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New Census Bureau data shows Puerto Rico lost nearly 4 percent of its population after Hurricane Maria — the greatest population … On May 10, Yale returned to San Juan Bay, Rivero-Méndez ordered his men to open fire upon Yale using an Ordoñez 15-centimeter cannon, thus becoming the first attack against the Americans in Puerto Rico during the Spanish–American War. At the beginning of the twentieth century an electric trolley was installed, the township was split into three parts, and its main settlement, merged with the city, was renamed using the Spanish spelling of Santurtzi (Saint George in Basque), Ubarri's birthplace in Vizcaya, Spain. A section of this district is often referred to as Milla de Oro (actually 0.47 miles or 0.76 kilometers long) due in part to the many banks and businesses located there.. Contents: Population.  During the Cold War era, she ordered the establishment of the island's first Civil Defense system under the directorship of Colonel Gilberto José Marxuach (Teófilo's son). Between 2017 and 2018 the population of San Juan Municipio, PR declined from 337,288 to 320,967, a -4.84% decrease and its median household income grew from $21,912 to $23,012, a 5.02% increase.  The city's economy relies mostly on companies dedicated to the manufacture of several products, including: Chemical substances (bleach and house cleaning products); medicines; rum and other beverages; fertilizers; electric tools; electronic devices; plastics, textiles, and food-based products. For this reason, population data and land area for the period make reference only to the Antiguo San Juan and Santurce barrios, or subdivisions, of San Juan. In Punta Santiago, 11.8 percent were enrolled, among the highest in the area. It is the third oldest European-founded capital city in the American continents right after Panama City and Santo Domingo. San Juan Urban Area Population History. In 2018, San Juan Municipio, PR had a population of 321k people with a median age of 44.2 and a median household income of $23,012. On January 2, 1947, the people of San Juan elected Felisa Rincón de Gautier (also known as Doña Fela) (1897–1994) as their mayor. 7.32% of San Juan residents speak only English, while 92.68% speak other languages. According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of San Juan was as follows: Among the Hispanic and Latino population, Puerto Ricans are, unsurprisingly, the largest group; they make up 87.5% of San Juan's Hispanic population. The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%. Santurce is a barrio in the municipality of San Juan, Puerto Rico.Its population in 2010 was 81,251. , Other museums such as the Pablo Casals Museum, the Book Museum, Americas Museum and the National Gallery display historic items and artwork alongside contemporary art. There are smaller colleges located in the city, including the ICPR Junior College, the Instituto de Banca y Comercio and the International Junior College, located in Santurce. The oldest part of the city, known as Old San Juan, mostly features the influence of Spanish architecture. In 1951 the municipalities of San Juan and Río Piedras were merged to redefine San Juan's current city limits. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America. Approximately 1,026 people claimed Sub-Saharan African ancestry; 719 claimed Irish ancestry; 646 claimed German ancestry; 431 claimed Arab ancestry, and 346 claimed English ancestry. All military actions in Puerto Rico were suspended August 13, 1898, after President William McKinley and French Ambassador Jules Cambon, acting on behalf of the Spanish government, signed an armistice. This is the population pyramid for Puerto Rico. Today, San Juan is Puerto Rico's most important seaport and is the island's manufacturing, financial, cultural, and tourism center. It is also the biggest and most populated of all the districts in the capital with a bigger population than most municipalities of Puerto Rico and one of the most densely populated areas of the island (15,447.0 persons per square mile). San Juan is the most highly populated municipality and the capitalof Puerto Rico with a population of about 395,326 people. Other colleges located in San Juan are the University of the Sacred Heart, the Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico, the Ana G. Méndez University System's Metropolitan University, the Metropolitan Campus of the Inter American University of Puerto Rico, the Carlos Albizu University, the Evangelic Seminary of Puerto Rico and the Center for Advanced Studies on Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. Psychiatric Correctional Hospital: It is both a hospital and correctional facility. San Juan is een van de 78 gemeenten (municipio) in Puerto Rico, een 'overseas territory' van de Verenigde Staten.  The local universities are promoted as historic places, most notably the campus of University of Puerto Rico located in Río Piedras, which is the oldest university on the island being founded in 1903. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Artillery from San Juan's fort, El Morro, repelled Drake; however, Clifford managed to land troops and lay siege to the city. San Juan's Hato Rey district is often referred to as the "Wall Street of the Caribbean", due to the influence of the area on Puerto Rico and the Caribbean's economy. Capital and most populous municipality of Puerto Rico, Map of Puerto Rico highlighting San Juan Municipality, 00901, 00907, 00909, 00911-00913, 00915, 00917, 00918, 00920, 00921, 00923-00927. The remaining 11.9% of the population were born outside the United States and U.S. territories. It is the second busiest port in cruise volume after Miami. , Lieutenant Teófilo Marxuach (retired as a Lieutenant Colonel), a native of Arroyo, Puerto Rico, fired the first shot in what is considered to be the first shot of World War I fired by the regular armed forces of the United States against any ship flying the colors of the Central Powers. People of Dominican descent made up 12.2% of the Hispanic population, while those of Cuban descent formed 1.7% of the Hispanic populace. The "Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico" (Puerto Rico Museum of Art) and other important cultural venues are located in Santurce.  From 1899 to 1950 the municipality of San Juan excluded the township of Río Piedras. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Significant progress had been made in the capital by April 2019, and particularly by October 2019. Miles landed at Guánica (in southwestern Puerto Rico) with 3,300 soldiers in what was known as the Puerto Rican Campaign.